1. Weissenhofseidlung, Stuttgart, curated by Mies Van De Rohe, c.1927

    Designed during the Deutsche Werkbund. Represented the social and economic changed post WWI. Combined 17 architects from around Europe. Masters such as Le Corbusier and Walter Gropius worked on this project. 

  2. Bauhaus, Dessau, Walter Gropius, c.1925

    Gropius was currently director of the Bauhaus. This was the second Bauhaus school. Rational De Stijl composition. Appears to float due to the setback at the bottom and the white band. Curtain hangs from above and is attached to each floor. The possibilities of photography are important to the design. It is more important to design the building as a whole. 

  3. USSR Pavilion, Paris, Konstantin Melnikov, c.1925

    Designed for the Exposition des Arts Decoratifs. Prefabricated and painted soviet red. Celebration of a secular society. The interlocking roof canopies was complimented by the kiosks designed in the same style around Paris at the time. 

  4. Casa del Fascio, Como, Giuseppe Terragni, c.1932-36

    There were Fascist headquarters built in every main city in Italy. Giuseppe experiments with the Palazzo form. Modern technology incorporated such as automatic doors. The architectural effect of the facade is experienced through the contrast between the voids and the frame. Experimentation with the ideas of enclosure and support through the large voids and frame. 

  5. Palazzo Della Civiltà Italiana, Rome, Guerrini, Padula and Romano, c. 1942

    Built during the Fascist movement. There were many buildings constructed during the time to achieve a new image for Rome. These abstracted, imposing structures that were perfectly symmetrical was part of the fascist image.

  6. Italian Pavilion, Brussels, Adalberto Libera and Mario De Renzi, c. 1935

    Designed for International Exposition in Brussels. The building has a strong political influence as it was constructed during the Fascist period in Italy. The architects were influenced by Futurist ideas.

  7. Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi, India, Edwin Lutyens, c.1912-31

    References ancient Greek and Roman architecture as well as incorporating the local Indian architecture. The Indian elements included are the the cchajja which is a protruding eave that create strong shadows and shields from heavy rain, the columns were in the Delhi order - which used combines acanthus leaves and Indian bells. The large  dome that is the central focus of the structure combines the Pantheon in Rome and the Buddhist Stupa. The classical elements have been simplified and stripped back in a modernist approach. Lutyens also designed the private gardens at the rear end of the building. The building is now known as Rashtrapati Bhavan and houses the President of India.

  8. Tigbourne Court, Surrey, Edwin Lutyens, c.1899

    It is a heavy masonry triple gabled roof structure that looks back to the English vernacular. The facade is mostly a place surface, however the ornament is part of the structure - with the concave brick facade. Divided into a public front and a private back, which was a way of designing social housing. The landscape around the building was perceived as a series of rooms with each side of the building having different access routes and landscaping. There is a use of levels to affect the way people interact with the building.

  9. Fagus Factory, Alfeld, Germany, Walter Gropius, c. 1911

    Utilizes a curtain wall system, which was very new at the time. The building has a reinforced concrete system inside which allows for the free light steel frame curtain wall. Is a rejection of past ideas as it does not reference the classical style of building, however it does look to the work of other modernists. The use of glass curtain walls on the main facade create views and vistas for the factory workers was a social move forward as well as an architectural one.

  10. All Saints Church, Margaret Street, William Butterfield, c. 1859

    William Butterfield was influenced by AWN Pugin. Designed in the Gothic Revival style. Was very interested in polychromatic bricks as can be seen in the All Saints Church. Utilizes horizontal banding, like natural contours. In the 1850s the brick tax was abolished and therefore he was able to purse this interest in brick work.